Eyelid surgery includes surgical procedures performed to solve functional and aesthetic problems of the eyelid.
The upper and lower eyelids protect the eye by limiting its interaction with external factors. This is not only an aesthetic concern, but also critical for a person to have a clear and quality vision. Both an aesthetic posture and an eyelid that fully fulfills its duty can directly affect the quality of life of the individual.
Why is Eyelid Surgery Performed?
Eyelid aesthetics, i.e. blepharoplasty, is a surgical intervention performed to eliminate aesthetic problems that occur especially with advancing age. This operation is a frequently preferred application of oculoplastic surgery.
Skin that loses its elasticity over time and loosens and sags with the effect of gravity can cause wrinkles and bagging. Especially the outward protrusion of the fat accumulated in the lower eyelid is one of the most common causes of these bags. However, these problems can be effectively eliminated with blepharoplasty.
Apart from the natural effects of aging, factors such as sun exposure, lack of sleep, excessive alcohol and smoking can trigger aesthetic problems in the eyelids.
Blepharoplasty operation aims to solve aesthetic problems in both upper and lower eyelids caused by aging, trauma or genetic reasons. Sagging, wrinkles, under-eye bags and fine lines around the eyes are minimized with this intervention. In addition, age-related problems such as drooping upper eyelids and eyebrow drooping can also be addressed with this operation.
How Is Eyelid Surgery Performed?
When deciding on eyelid operations, a predetermined series of examinations are performed according to the patient’s specific condition and needs. These preliminary evaluations determine how the operation will proceed.
Before the surgery, careful measurements are taken on and around the patient’s eyelid. Based on these measurements, it is planned which areas of the eyelid will be intervened. Since upper and lower eyelid operations may differ from each other, it is essential to evaluate both processes independently.
Upper Eyelid Surgery
When planning the upper eyelid operation, the first step is to decide whether the area to be intervened will be only skin or subcutaneous tissue. In addition, the presence of fat bags and the areas where they collapse or herniate are determined. The tear glands are checked for any sagging. In addition, if there is a drooping of the upper eyelid, it is essential to determine whether there is a drooping of the eyebrow in parallel with this drooping. In the light of these important determinations, the surgical strategy is determined in order to obtain the most effective and successful result.
Lower Eyelid Surgery
Lower eyelid surgery is performed to provide a solution to bruises, bags and sagging under the eyes. Preoperative detailed evaluations are performed to examine the origin of the bags under the eyes, the condition of the structures supporting the eyelid, the dynamic relationship between the eye and the lid and the tear drainage system. At this stage, it is also investigated whether there are any other problems that may be encountered during surgery and require intervention. As a result of this comprehensive examination, it is determined which methods will be used in accordance with the needs of the patient.