Eye surgery is a branch of medicine that involves surgical interventions to diagnose and treat eye diseases and improve eye health. It is a field of medicine that specializes in the anatomy and function of the eye and the treatment of eye-related diseases. Eye surgery specialists can treat problems in the eye with various surgical techniques.
What is Lens Surgery?
Lens surgery is a medical procedure performed to correct vision problems when the natural lens of the eye fails to function. This procedure is often used to treat eye conditions such as age-related cataracts, myopia (far-sightedness), hyperopia (near-sightedness) or astigmatism. Lens surgery is the process of removing the natural lens of the eye and replacing it with an artificial lens (intraocular lens or intraocular implant)
What is Laser Surgery?
Laser surgery is a medical procedure in which laser light is used as a high-energy focused beam to cut, shape or treat tissue. Lasers come in different wavelengths and energy levels, and can therefore be suitable for different medical applications. The advantages of laser surgery include the following:
- Lasers provide a high level of precision when cutting tissue without damaging the surrounding intact tissue.
- Lasers close the vessels tightly, minimizing bleeding.
- Since laser light can kill germs, the risk of infection is reduced.
- Laser surgery is generally less invasive than traditional surgery, which means a faster recovery process.
Laser surgery is used in many different fields, from eye surgery (e.g. LASIK) to skin treatments, cancer treatment, varicose veins treatment and ear, nose and throat applications. However, it is important to remember that laser surgery is not suitable for all medical conditions. Issues such as which type of laser to use, how to perform the procedure and possible risks and complications should be assessed by a healthcare professional.
Eye Disinfection and Diseases
Eye disinfection is a procedure to cleanse the surface of the eye from microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, etc.). However, the eye is an inherently sensitive organ, so the products or methods used for disinfection must be specific. The fluids used for disinfection are usually antiseptic solutions and should be used by prescription or on the recommendation of an ophthalmologist.
Due to the optical structure of the eye or the length of the eyeball, rays fall in front of the retina, creating a blurred image. Often genetic factors and activities that require constant close focus (e.g. reading, using a computer, etc.) can increase the risk of myopia.
Hyperopia is a condition in which nearby objects cannot be seen clearly. In this case, the eyeball may be shorter than normal or the refractive power may be insufficient. As a result, rays fall behind the retina. Glasses or contact lenses with positive numbers are prescribed for hyperopia.
Astigmatism occurs because the surface of the eye has an irregular shape. In a normal eye, the surface of the cornea or lens has a smooth curve, but in astigmatism this curve is irregular. This causes light to focus on more than one spot on the retina, resulting in blurred or distorted images. Toric lenses specially designed for astigmatism may be prescribed.