Laser surgery is a technique used in various medical procedures. Using laser energy instead of traditional surgical methods, this method can provide advantages such as less damage to tissues, reduced bleeding, lower risk of infection and speed up the healing process. Laser energy is used to cut, burn or vaporize the target tissue.
How is Laser Surgery Performed?
Laser surgery is a type of operation that uses laser technology to treat various medical problems. The laser brings high-energy beams of light into an intense focus. This intense beam of light has the ability to cut, burn or vaporize tissue. Laser surgery generally takes place in the following stages:
- The patient’s medical history is examined, necessary tests are performed and plans are made for the surgical procedure.
- Local, regional or general anesthesia may be used, depending on the type and length of the procedure.
- The operation area is sterilized.
- The type and parameters of the laser to be applied are selected.
- The surgeon directs the laser to the target tissue and cuts, vaporizes or burns it.
- During the laser procedure, the condition of the affected tissue is continuously monitored.
- If necessary, the incisions are closed with sutures or other means.
- After the operation, the patient undergoes a recovery period and may be under observation for a certain period of time.
What are the Risks of Laser Surgery?
Although laser surgery is generally considered a minimally invasive treatment method, it involves some risks and possible complications. In general, the possible risks of laser surgery can be the following:
- Laser light can cause burns or scars when it comes into contact with the skin.
- There may be color changes in the skin after the laser procedure.
- As with any surgical procedure, there is a risk of infection in laser surgery.
- Bleeding may occur in the area where laser surgery is performed, but this is usually minimal.
- Laser surgery is usually performed under local anesthesia, but there may be cases that require general anesthesia.
- There may be allergic reactions to the drugs or other materials used.
- It is possible for the laser to damage surrounding tissues, especially if the person performing the procedure is not experienced enough.
- In aesthetic applications of laser surgery, results may be below expectations.
- There is a risk of vision problems in laser surgeries performed on the eye, especially in procedures such as LASIK. These conditions are rarely permanent, but temporary vision problems may occur.
Advantages of Laser Surgery
It is possible to mention many advantages of laser surgery. In general, the advantages of this surgery on the patient are as follows:
- Laser technology works with a high level of precision, which allows the doctor to reshape the surface of the eye with extreme precision.
- It usually has a fast recovery process. Most people can return to normal activities a few days after the operation.
- It is usually performed with minimal pain or discomfort and the recovery process is usually quite comfortable.
- Once healed, most people experience long-term or permanent vision improvement.